Fauna List

This is a list of the fauna that has been found at Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin) including birds, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates, based on the Biological Surveys of the Eastern Goldfields Part 3 Jackson- Kalgoorlie Area (1985), the Biological Survey of the Helena and Aurora Range (1997) and a NatureMap search (December 2011). Where there have been changes in the nomenclature, particularly since the 1980s; common names and scientific names have been updated. Please note that these lists are not considered to be complete as only two biological surveys including fauna have been conducted on Helena and Aurora Range, and only one of these included invertebrates.



T = Threatened species under the Western Australian State legislation Wildlife Conservation Act 1950* (WC Act) Schedule 3.

SP = Specially Protected species, WC Act Schedule 7,

IntAgr = species listed under the DBCA^ International agreement WC Act Schedule 5; and listed on EPBC Act Migratory.

(d) = species considered to be dependent on the BIF outcropping.


* Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 = updates as of 18 January 2018

** EPBC Act - Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

^ DBCA = Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (formerly Department of Parks and Wildlife, DPaW)


Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) - seen in adjacent woodlands

Little Eagle (Aquila morphnoides)

Wedge-tailed Eagle (Aquila audax)

SP (d) Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) - the piercing call of the female can often be heard when disturbed

Australian Hobby (Falcon longipennis)

Brown Falcon (Falco berigora)

Australian Kestrel (Falco cenchroides)

Brown Goshawk (Accipter fasciatus)

Boobook Owl (Ninox novaeseelandiae)

Tawny Frogmouth (Podargus strigoides)

Australian Owlet-nightjar (Aegotheles cristatus)

Spotted Nightjar (Eurostopodus argus)

        T Malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata) - Listed as Vulnerable (WC Act and EPBC)

Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera)

Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)

Purple-crowned Lorikeet (Glossopsitta porphyrocephala)

Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius)

Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus)

Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus magnificus)

Major Mitchell Cockatoo (Lophochroa leadbeateri)

Galah (Cacatua roseicapilla)

IntAgr Rainbow Bee-eater (Merops ornatus)

Tree Martin (Hirundo nigricans)

IntAgr Fork-tailed Swift (Apus pacificus)

Black-faced Woodswallow (Artamus cinereus)

Dusky Woodswallow (Artamus cyanopterus)

      (d) Little Woodswallow (Artamus minor) - these woodswallows visit the BIF ranges each year to breed. Can be seen flying and chirruping as they catch insects on the wing.

Richard’s Pipit (Anthus novaeseelandiae)

Rufous Songlark (Cincloramphus mathewsi) - mainly in adjacent woodlands

Pallid Cuckoo (Cacomantis pallidus) - mainly in adjacent woodlands

Black-eared Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx osculans)

Horsefield's Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx basalis)

Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina novaehollandiae)

Jacky Winter (Microeca leucophaea)

Red-capped Robin (Petroica goodenovii)

Hooded Robin (Petroica cucullata)

Western Yellow Robin (Eopsaltria australis)

Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis)

Rufous Whistler (Pachycephala rufiventris)

Grey Shrike-thrush (Colluricincla harmonica)

Crested Bellbird (Oreoica gutturalis)

Grey Fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa)

Willy Wagtail (Rhipidura leucophrys)

Chestnut Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma castanotum)

White-browed Babbler (Pomatostomus superciliosus)

Southern Whiteface (Aphelocephala leucopsis)

Western Gerygone / Western Warbler (Gerygone fusca)

Weebill (Smicrornis breviostris)

Inland Thornbill (Acanthiza apicalis)

Chestnut-rumped Thornbill (Acanthiza uropygialis)

Yellow-rumped Thornbill (Acanthiza chrysorrhoa)

Redthroat (Pyrrholaemus brunneus)

     (d) Shy Heathwren / Shy Hylacola (Calamanthus cautus)

Rufous Fieldwren (Calamanthus campestris)

Splendid Fairy-wren (Malurus splendens)

Blue-breasted Fairy-wren (Malurus pulcherrimus)

Varied Sittella (Daphoenositta chrysoptera)

Rufous Tree-creeper (Climacteris rufa)

Mistletoebird (Dicaeum hirundinaceum)

Striated Pardalote (Pardalotus striatus)

Brown Honeyeater (Lichmera indistincta)

Singing Honeyeater (Meliphaga virescens)

Yellow-plumed Honeyeater (Meliphaga ornatta)

White-eared Honeyeater (Meliphaga leucotis)

Brown-headed Honeyeater (Meliphreptus brevirostris)

White-fronted Honeyeater (Phylidonyris albifrons)

Yellow-throated Miner (Manorina flavigula)

Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater (Acanthagenys rufogularis)

Red Wattlebird (Acanthochaera carunculata)

Zebra Finch (Poephila guttata)

Grey Butcherbird (Cracticus torquatus)

Pied Butcherbird (Cracticus nigrogularis)

Australian Magpie (Cracticus tibicen)

Grey Currawong (Strepera versicolor)

Australian Crow (Corvus orru)

Little Crow (Corvus bennetti)


Frogs and Reptiles

Where a species has more than one common name (often used), these are all listed.


Shoemaker Frog (Neobatrachus sutor)

Kunapalari Frog (Neobatrachus kunapalari)


Clawless Gecko (Crenadactylus ocellatus subsp. ocellatus)

Goldfields Spiny Gecko (Strophurus assimilis formerly Diplodactylus assimilis)

Jewelled Gecko (Strophurus elderi formerly Diplodactylus elderi)

Southern Spiny-tailed Gecko (Strophurus intermedius formerly Diplodactylus intermedius)

Western Stone Gecko (Diplodactylus granariensis subsp. granariensis)

Fine-faced Gecko (Diplodactylus pulcher)

Main’s ground gecko (Lucasium maini formerly Diplodactylus maini)

Sand-plain Gecko (Lucasium stenodactylum formerly Diplodactylus stenodactylus)

Tree Gecko (Dtella) (Gehyra variegata)

Bynoe’s Gecko (Heteronotia binoei)

Stellate knob-tail (Nephrurus stellatus) - endemic to WA, restricted distribution, IUCN Red List - Least Concern

Reticulated velvet gecko (Oedura reticulata) - endemic to WA

Barking Gecko (Underwoodisaurus milii formerly Phyllurus milii)

Western Beaked Gecko (Rhynchoedura ornata)

Legless lizards

Marble-faced Delma (Delma australis)

Sharp-snouted Delma (Delma nasuta)


Bicycle Dragon / Crested Dragon / Bicycle Lizard (Ctenophorus cristatus)

Mallee Sand Dragon / Mallee Military Dragon (Ctenophorus fordi)

Central Dragon / Central Military Dragon (Ctenophorus isolepis subsp. citrinus)

Western Netted Dragon (Ctenophorus reticulatus)

Lozenge-marked Dragon (Ctenophorus scutulatus)

Dwarf Bearded Dragon (Pogona minor subsp. minor)

Pebble dragon (Tympanocryptis cephalus)

Thorny devil (Moloch horridus)


Spiny-palmed Snake-eyed Skink (Cryptoblepharus carnabyi)

Peron’s Snake-eyed Skink (Cryptoblepharus plagiocephalus)

Southern Mallee Ctenotus (Ctenotus atlas)

Leonnard’s Skink (Ctenotus leonhardii)

Barred Wedge-snout Ctenotus (Ctenotus schomburgkii)

Spotted Ctenotus (Ctenotus uber subsp. uber)

Wide-striped Ctenotus (Ctenotus xenopleura) - endemic to WA, very restricted distribution

Goldfields Crevice-skink (Egernia formosa)

Desert Skink (Egernia inornata)

Broad-banded Sand-swimmer (Eremiascincus richardsonii)

Southwestern Earless Skink (Hemiergis initialis subsp. initialis)

Unpatterned Robust Slider (Lerista macropisthopus subsp. macropisthopus)

Wood Mulch Slider (Lerista muelleri)

Common Dwarf Skink (Menetia greyii)

Woodland Morethia Skink (Morethia butleri)

Western Blue-tongue (Tiliqua occipitalis)

[T Gilled Slender Blue-tongue (Cyclodomorphus branchialis formerly Omolepida branchialis) - possibly a misidentification as its known distribution is near Geraldton and does not come this far south]

Monitor / Goanna

Perentie (Veranus giganteus)

Gould's Monitor (Veranus gouldii)

Blind Snake

Southern Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops australis) – on edge of distribution

Prong-snouted Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops bituberculatus)

Pale-headed Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops hamatus)


Yellow-faced Whip-snake (Demansia psammophus subsp. reticulata)

Rosen's Snake (Denisonia fasciata)

Monk Snake (Rhinoplacephalus monachus)

Jan's Banded Snake (Simoselaps bertholdii formerly Vermicella bertholdii)

Half Girdled Snake (Simoselaps semifasciata formely Vermicella semifasciata)




Western Quoll / Chudditch (Dasyurus geoffroi)

Wongai Ningaui (Ningaui ridei)

Southern Ningaui (Ningaui yvonneae)

Little long-tailed Dunnart (Sminthopsis dolichura)

Hairy-footed Dunnart (Sminthopsis hirtipes)

Western Pygmy-possum (Cercartetus concinnus)

Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus)

Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) - seen in adjacent woodlands

Western Grey Kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus) - seen in adjacent woodlands

Euro (Macropus robustus)


White-striped Freetail-bat (Tadarida australis)

Gould’s Wattled Bat (Chalinolobus gouldii)

Chocolate Wattled Bat (Chalinolobus morio)

Southern Forest Bat (Vespadelus regulus formerly Eptesicus regulus)

Inland Broad-nosed Bat (Scotorepens balstoni formerly Nycticeius balstoni)

Lesser Long-eared Bat (Nyctophilus geoffroyii)

Central Long-eared Bat (Nyctophilus sp.) - Nyctophilus major has been split in to a number of species

(Central Long-eared Bat was formerly Nyctophilus major)


House Mouse (Mus musculus)

Spinifex Hopping-mouse (Notomys alexis)

Mitchell’s Hopping-mouse (Notomys mitchellii)

Ash-grey Mouse (Pseudomys albocinereus)

Sandy Inland Mouse (Pseudomys hermannsburgensis)


Dingo (Canis lupis formerly Canis familiaris)

Introduced species

Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Goat (Capra hircus) one record of old scats, occurrence considered uncommon in dry conditions

Mammal species no longer occuring on Helena and Aurora Range

Brush-tailed Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) - old scats found in cave

Lesser Stick-nest Rat (Leporillus apicalis) - extinct species, old nests found in rocks


Invertebrates (Arthropoda)


Among the insects collected on Helena and Aurora Range, not all specimens were identified to species, some only being identified to family. The species list is grouped into Orders (in bold and parenthesis and name ending in 'era' or 'ea'), Family (bold and name ending in 'ae' or 'dae'). Some species names have been listed or simply the genus (italics). Common names were added where ever possible. The invertebrate survey was conducted by Peter McMillan in September/October 1995 and February 1996.

Source: McMillan RP (1997) Part 4 Invertebrate Fauna. In Lyons MN and Chapman A (1997) A Biological survey of the Helena and Aurora Range, Eastern Goldfields Western Australia. Unpublished Report for Environment Australia, Canberra.


Cockroaches (Blattodea)


Polyzosteria mitchelli - blue-grey and yellow cockroach

Polyzosteria cuprea - dark iridescent copper/green cockroach

Polyzosteria sp. - small yellow with fine black bands cockroach

Platyzosteria grandis - large black cockroach

Platyzosteria coolgardiensis

Megazosteria patula

Anmesia sp.

Desmozosteria sp.

Pseudolmpra sp.

Ellipsidion sp.

Zonioploca sp.

Blaberidae (Giant Cockroach)

Ataxigamia latei

Laxta sp.


Grasshoppers, Crickets (Orthoptera)

A total of 20 species of Orthoptera were collected.

Gryllidae - 2 species

Tettigonidae - 3 species

Conocephalus sp. - bush-crickets known as coneheads

Myrmecophilus lestaceus - cricket


Buforina sp. x 5

Coryphistes ruricola - Bark-mimicking Grasshopper

Urnisa sp. x 2 - grasshopper

Chortoicetes sp. - free flying locust

Ursunella species - spur throated grasshoppers

Coryphistes sp. - dark charcoal grey on Mulga - pale black on Quondongs - very pale grey on Eucalyptus


Goniaea sp. - gumleaf grasshopper


Beetles (Coleoptera)

































































Bees, Ants, Wasps, Sawflies (Hymenoptera)
































Bees (Apoidea) - 19 species
















Native Bees - 19 species - present in most nectar and pollen producing flowers
















Apoidea sp. x 8
































Anthophora sp. (mining bees; large native bees)
















Apis mellifera - Honeybee or domestic feral bee
















Colletidae (Plaster Bees or Polyester Bee; solitary bees, line nest with clear cellophane-like material)
















Leioproctus sp.
















Hylaeus elegans (has yellow legs and yellow markings on body)
















Stenotritidae (large, hairy ground-nesting bees, restricted to Australia)
















Stenotritis sp.
















Halictidae (small to medium sized bees, ground-nesting)
















Homalictus sp.
















Nomia sp. x 2
















Megachilidae (solitary bees, carry pollen on underside of abdomen)
















Megachilidae sp.
















Chalicoderma sp.
















Anthophoridae (long-tongued bees)
















Amegilla sp. (genus includes common blue-banded bee)
















Parasphecodes sp.
















Exoneura sp. (primitive social reed bees)
































Ants (Formicidae) - 43 species
































Aphaenogaster barbigula (Desert Funnel Ants) - very common in general area, have large nest holes
















Myrmecia infima (bull ant)
















Myrmecia fucosa (bull ant)
















Crematogaster sp. x 4 (heart-shaped gaster or abdomen, acrobat ants)
















Podomyrma adelaidae (White-spotted Tree Ant)
















Podomyrma sp.
































Tetraponera sp. (arboreal slender ants)
































Rhytidoponera metallica (Green-headed Ant)
















Rhytidoponera violacea (known as a keystone seed disperser)
















Rhytidoponera sp. x 6
















Odontomachus sp. (trap-jaw ants)
















Cerapachys sp. (predate other ants)
















Ponerinae indet. x 2
































Iridomyrmex purpureus. (Meat Ant)
















Iridomyrmex sp. x 4 (Meat Ants)
















Technomyrmex sp.
















Formicinae (subfamily of moderately evolved ants, includes: spiny ants, sugar ants, honey dew ants)
















Polyrachis sp. x 3
















Calomyrmex sp. x 2
















Melophorus sp. x 11 (occur in arid parts of Australia, fast and timid ants, heat-loving)
















Camponotus gasseri (Tree-nesting Ant)
















Camponotus sp. x 5
















































Vespidae (includes Paper Wasps)
















Abiopa sp.
















Ichneumonidae (Ichneumon Wasps)
















Ichneumonidae sp. x 6
















Ophion sp.
















Evanidae (Ensign Wasps, parasitic) - 1 species
















Tiphiidae (Tiphid Wasps or Flower Wasps, solitary)
















Hemithynnus sp.
















Tenthredinidae (Sawflies)
















Larvae x 2 - from Eucalyptus
















Mutillidae (Velvet Ants) - 7 species
















Ephutomorpha sp. x 2
















Ephutomorpha rugicollis
































Dragonflies, Damselflies (Odonata)
































Damselflies (Zygoptera)
















Lestidae - medium to large damselflies
















Austrolestes sp.
















Coenagrionidae - Pond Damselflies /Narrow-winged Damselflies
















Ischneura sp.
















Xanthagrion sp.
































Dragonflies (Anisoptera)
















Corduliidae - Emerald Dragonflies / Green-eyed Skimmers
















Hemicordulia tau - Tau Emerald
















Libelluidae - Perchers
















Diplacodes sp.
































Stick Insects (Phasmatodea)
































Ctenomorphodes tessulatus - Tessulata Stick Insect / Tessellated Phasmatid
































Praying Mantids (Mantodea)
































Orthodera sp.
















Amorphoscelidae - Bark Mantids
















Cliomantis sp.
















Paraxypillus sp. - Boxer Bark Mantid
































True Bugs (Hemiptera)
















Homoptera x 5 species, listed below under families
















Eurybranchidae - Leaf-hopper / Beetle Plant-hopper - 1 species
















Membracidae - Horned Treehoppers - 1 species
















Corixidae - Water Boatmen - 1 species
















Agraptocorixa parvipunctata
















Notonectidae - Backswimmers - 2 species
































Heteroptera x 26 species, listed below under families
















Elvisurinae - (Subfamily of Scutelleridae - Jewel Bugs / Metallic Shield Bugs) - 1 species
















Coleotichus costatus - Green Shield Backed Bug
















Coleotichus sp.
















Reduviidae - Assasin Bugs - 8 species
















Ectomocoris sp. (Orange Ground Assassin Bug)
















Havanthus rufovarius
















Lygaeidae - Milkweed Bugs, Chinch Bugs Seed Bugs - 3 species
















Choerocorus paganus - Ground Shield Bug / Red Jewel Bug. Often seen walking on BIF outcropping.
















Coreidae - Leaf-footed Bugs - 1 species
















Myctis profana - Crusader Bug
















Cydnidae - Shield Bugs
















Adrissa sp.
















Pentatomidae - Stink Bugs - 7 species
















Poecilometis apicalis
















Poecilometis patruellis - Common Gum Tree Shield Bug
















Poecilometis sp.
















Aplerotus maculatus - shield bug
















Meridae - Capsid Bugs / Plant Bugs / Leaf Bugs / Grass Bugs - 4 species
































Lacewings, Antlions, Mantidflies (Neuroptera)
















Chrysopidae - Green Lacewings
















Chrysoptera sp. - Green Lacewings
















































Dendroleontini (Tribe) - Antlions
















Glenoleon sp. - Antlions
































Scorpion-flies (Mecoptera)
































Harpobittacus australis - Scorpion Fly, preys on moths, flies and insect larvae
































Flies (Diptera)
















Tabanidae - Horse Flies
















Asilidae - Robber Flies
















Bathypogon sp. x 2
















Muscidae - Bush Flies
















Musca vetustissima - Australian Bush-fly (dung fly)
















Calliphoridae - Blow-Flies
















Green Blow-fly
































Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera)
































Danaus chrysippus - Lesser Wanderer
















Papilio demoleus - Chequered Swallowtail
















Delias aganippe - Wood White Butterfly or Red-spotted Jezebel
















Junonia villida - Medow Argus
















Eurema smilax - Small Grass Yellow
















































Cossidae - Witchetty Grubs / Wood Moths / Borers - 3 species
















Hippotion scrofa - Hawk Moth
















Geometridae - Loopers / Inch Worms - 3 species
















Xyloryctidae - Timber Moths - 1 species
















Noctuidae - Owlet Moths - 2 species
































Centipedes, Millipedes, Scorpions, Spiders (Myriapoda - Sub-phyllum)
















Milipedes (Polydesmida) - none collected
















Centipedes (Chilopoda)
















Chilopoda sp.
















Lithopodia sp.
















Scolopendridae - large centipedes
















Scolopendra laeta - giant centipede
















Scolopendra morsitans
















Ethmostigma curtipes
















Cormocephalus turneri
















Arthrorhabus paucispinus
















Scutterigeridae - includes most of the household species
















Allotheura sp.
















































Buthidae (largets family of scorpions)
















Lychas sp.
















Lychas alexandrinus
















Isometroides vescus (spider hunting scorpion)
































Scorpionidae (includes some of the largest scorpions)
















Urodachus novaehollandiae (Sand Scorpion)
































Spiders (Araneae - Order)
















Araneomorphae (Infraorder - 'modern' spiders)
















Araneidae - Orb-weaver Spiders / Orb Web Spiders
















Austracantha minox (Jewel Spider, Spiny Spider; previous name Gastercantha minox)
















Eriophora sp. (orb weaver spiders)
















Corinnidae - Coronnid Spiders / Swift Spiders
















Supunna albopunctatum (Spotted Ground Swift Spider)
















Ctenidae - Wandering Spiders - 1 species
















Deinopidae - Net-casting Spiders - 1 species
















Gnaphosidae - Ground Spiders - 6 species
















Aristerus sp.
















Eilica sp. (fast moving ground spider, feeds on ants
















Eneoptarthria sp.
















Hemicloea sp. (flat spiders, can live under bark)
















Hersiliidae - Tree-trunk Spiders
















Tampopsis sp. (Two-tailed Spiders)
















Lamponidae - Lamponid Ground Spiders / White-tailed Spiders
















Lamponina species
















Lycosidae - Wolf Spiders
















Lycosidae sp. x 18
















Lycosa sp. x 5
















Lycosa forresti (Forrests Wolf Spider)
















Miturgidae - Prowling Spiders - 5 species
















Nicodamidae - red and black spiders
















Nicodamus mainae
















Oxyopidae - Lynx Spiders - 6 species
















Prodidomidae - Long-spinneret Ground Spider
































Molycrinae (subfamily)
















Pholcidae - Cellar Spider
















Salticidae - Jumping Spiders
















Fissidentatisi sp. x 7
















Menemerus sp.
















Stiphidiidae - medium sized spiders
















Corasoides species (Platform Spiders)
















Tetragnathidae - Long-jawed Orb Weavers / Long Jawed Spider
















Nephila edulis (Golden Orb Weaver)
















Thomisidae - Crab Spider / Flower Spider
















Stephanopsis sp.
















Theridiidae - Scaffold Web Spiders / Tangle-web Spiders / Cobweb Spiders (Weavers) / Comb-footed Spiders
















Steatoda sp, (native species)
















Lactrodectus hasselti (Redback Spider)
















Zodariidae - Ground Hunting Spiders / Ant Spiders - 16 species
















Zoridae - Wandering Spiders / Wandering Ghosts / Spiny Leg Spiders
















Mygalomorphae - (Infraorder - 'ancient' spiders) includes the largest and most long-lived spiders
















Barychelidae - Brush-footed Trapdoor Spiders
















Iodiopidae - Trapdoor Spiders
































Aname sp.
































Land Snails (Mollusca)
































Sinumelon kalgum - appears to be restricted to Western Australia
































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