Significant Flora List

To date, the significant flora of Helena and Aurora Range includes:

  • four rare flora, now referred to as Threatened Flora (T)
  • two Priority 1 Flora (P1)
  • (no Priority 2 Flora)
  • seven Priority 3 Flora (P3)
  • three Prority 4 Flora (P4)

In total, 16 plant species on Helena and Aurora Range, Bungalbin have been given a conservation status.

A further 9 plant specied have a Priority status in the surrounding sandplains and a further 2 plant species in the surrounding woodlands.

The Rare and Priority plant species on Helena and Aurora Range was determined from a search on Naturemap in October 2017 and their conservation status updated in January 2018. These significnat plant species are listed below with some notes. Any comments on distribution are based on small scale maps presented in the Western Australian Herbarium website and data base, FloraBase. Photos can be viewed in the Flora Gallery (under the heading: Flora of Helena and Aurora Range).


List of Significant Flora on Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin)


Plant species indicated with a double asterix (**) are considered to be BIF dependent species, some occurring on several BIF ranges.

Plant species endemic to Helena and Aurora Range are indicated by ♦


Threatened and Priority Flora on Helena and Aurora Range, Bungalbin

tetratheca (Family: Elaeocarpaceae)

Tetratheca aphylla subsp. aphylla** (T) Bungalbin Tetratheca


bearded heaths (Family: Ericaceae)

Leucopogon spectabilis** (T)

  • recently described, previously known as Leucopogon sp. Helena & Aurora Range (B.J. Lepschi 2077).
  • Plant species was described in Nuytsia (2007) volume 17 page 178 by M Hislop and AR Chapman.

hibbertias (Family: Dilleniaceae)

Hibbertia lepidocalyx subsp. tuberculata** (P3)


sedges (Family: Cyperaceae)

  Lepidosperma ferricola** (P3)

Lepidosperma bungalbin** (T) Bungalbin Swordsedge

  • both Lepidosperma species have been recently described and published in Nuytsia (2007) volume 17, pages 43-45 by RL Barrett
  • In the Yilgarn, within the Coolgardie Bioregion, sword sedges (Lepidosperma) are relatively uncommon, only one to three species occurring in any particular area and often only one species on a BIF range. The Coolgardie Bioregion, particularly north of Southern Cross, is at the edge of the distribution of sedges in Western Australia.

grass (Family: Poaceae)

Neurachne annularis (P3)

  • This native grass grows like a spinifex, in a large bunch or ring with flower heads and seed heads on long stems extending well above the leaves. Neurachne annularis is often the dominant species under the Eucalyptus capillosa (Whitegum) and Eucalyptus ebbanoensis (Jackson Mallee) woodlands on the hill slopes of Helena and Aurora Range and appears to be strongly associated with BIF debri slopes. Neurachne annularis has a restricted distribution in the Yilgarn.
  • Neurachne annularis was first collected by Ken Newbey in 1979 and RJ Cranfield in the 1980s also known to occur on Mt Manning Range (collected by Keighery and Alford in 1988) and to date not known from any other ranges.
  • Neurachne annularis was described in 2007, previously known as Neurachne sp. Helena & Aurora (KR Newbey 8972). Ref: TD Macfarlane (2007) Nuytsia volume 17 page 217.

stenanthemum (Family: Rhamnaceae)

Stenanthemum newbeyi** (P3)


spartothamnella (Family: Lamiaceae)

Spartothamnella sp. Helena & Aurora Range (PG Armstrong 155-109) NO LONGER CONSIDERED THREATENED (was a P3 from 2004 to 2014)

          = Spartothamnella canescens

  • Spartothamnella sp Helena & Aurora Range has now been described and been given the name Spartothamnella canescens. Spartothamenlla canescens occurs as three distinct, well separated populations, two in Western Australia (Pilbara and Yilgarn Craton) and one in Central Australia (Northern Teritory) - now separated from Spartothamnella puberula, which has been determined to be restriced to Eastern Australia (Queensland and New South Wales).
  • Spartothamnella canescens was described and published on line (21 August 2014) in the journal of the Western Australian Herbarium Nuytsia vol. 24, pages 177-185 (notes on status of Spartothamnella sp. Helena & Aurora Range (PG Armstrong 155-109) on pages 178-180) by KR Thiele and KA Shepherd.
  • On Helena and Aurora Range, Spartothamnella canescens tends to occur in low numbers growing on the upper slopes of the banded ironstone foramtion range and can be difficult to see unless carrying its red fruits.

acacias (Family: Fabaceae)

Acacia adinophylla** (P1)

Acacia shapelleae** (T)

  • recently described and named, was Acacia sp. Bungalbin Hill (JJ Alford 1119)
  • Acacia shapelleae was described and published on line (3 July 2014) in the journal of the Western Australian Herbarium Nuytsia vol. 24, pages 135-138 (whole paper pgs 131-138, where two new Acacia species are described) by Bruce Maslin.
  • possibly BIF dependent, more information is needed for this species to determine its distribution.

pea (Family: Fabaceae)

Mirbelia ferricola** (P3)

  • previously known as Mirbelia sp. Helena & Aurora (BJ Lepschi 2003)
  • Mirbelia ferricola was described and published on line (28 May 2012) in the journal of the Western Australian Herbarium Nuytsia vol. 22(2), pages 84-87 (whole paper pgs 75-92, where three new Mirbelia species are described) by Ryonen Butcher.

eremophila (Family: Scrophulariaceae)

Eremophila hamulata (P1) (previously known as Eremophila sp. McDermid Rock (AP Brown 3615))


dryandra (Family: Proteaceae)

Dryandra arborea** (P4) Yilgarn Dryandra or Tree Dryandra

  • referred to as Banksia arborea in Florabase (a nomenclature synonym)

grevilleas (Family: Proteaceae)

Grevillea georgeana** (P3)

Grevillea erectiloba (P4)


eucalypt (Family: Myrtaceae)

Eucalyptus formanii (P4)


mustard or vegetable family (Family: Brassicaceae)

Phlegnatospermum eremaeum (P3)

  • one record on mid BIF slope with Eucalyptus ebbanoensis and Eucalyptus corrugata
  • one record on flats under Salmon Gum (Eucalyptus salmonophloia) woodlands on south side of Helena and Aurora Range


Priority species on sandplain within surrounds of Helena and Aurora Range, Bungalbin

acacia (Family: Fabaceae)

Acacia cylindrica (P3)


eucalypt, teatree, bottlebrush ... (Family: Myrtaceae)

Astartea sp. Bungalbin Hill (KR Newbey 8989) (P3)

Baeckea sp. Helena and Aurora Range (GJ Keighery 4424) (P1)

Calytrix creswellii (P3)

Chamelaucium sp. Koolyanobbing (V Clarke 644) (P1)

Homalocalyx grandiflorus (P3)

Verticordia mitodes (P3)


banksia, dryndra, persoonia ... (Family: Proteaceae)

Persoonia leucopogon (P1)


trigger plant (Family: Stylidiaceae)

Stylidium choreanthum - Dancing Triggerplant (P3)


Priority species in woodlands on flats within surrounds of Helena and Aurora Range, Bungalbin

daisy (Family: Asteraceae)

Gnephosis intonsa - Shaggy Gnephosis (P1)


goodenia (Family: Goodeniaceae)

Goodenia jaurdiensis (P2)

  • On 'seasonal' swamp on flats
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