Traditional Owners of Range

Traditional Owners of Bungalbin

Helena and Aurora Range

Indigenous Custodians of the Range

Indigenous Cultural Heritage of Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin)

The Indigenous custodians (Traditional Owners, TOs) of Helena and Aurora Range are of the Kapurn Nation. The language spoken is Kaalamaya or Kalamaia (sometimes spelt Kalamai). The Traditional Owners refer to their language group as Kaalamaya Kaprun or sometimes Kalamaia Gubrun (Elder Brian Champion Senior, pers. comm.). The people of the Kapurn Nation call the Helena and Aurora Range, Bungalbin (a Kalamaia name).

The Kapurn Nation extends from just south of Paynes Find down to where the Holland Track begins (south of Hyden), east to Riverena and Goongarrie and west to Burracoppin and Mukinbudin.

A Native Title claim was submitted in December 2017 for their country and is currently being considered for registration. The claim area includes Bungalbin (Helena and Aurora Range).

Publications that include some of the history of the people of the Kalamaia Kapurn Nation are:

Westonia, The Wheels of Change by Jocelyn Maddock, and

Explorers Routes Revisited - Clarkson Expedition 1864 by Lesley Brooker.

People of the Kalamaia Kapurn Nation

The Kalamaia Kapurn people believe that the Helena and Aurora Ranges (Bungalbin) needs to be given back to them. That their ‘ownership’ or custodianship of this land be recognised by both Federal Government and State Government, as well as government departments (eg. Department of Biodiversity, Conservatrion and Attractions, Forest Products Commission, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development).

The Kapurn people want to be given their rights as Wardens, Custodians and Traditional Owners of the ranges (Bungalbin). They want to be given “first say in management” so that “we can keep our culture in our sights, looked after and intact.”

The Kapurn people do not want mining on Bungalbin (Helena and Aurora Range).

The whole of Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin) is considered to be sacred and in need of protection.

Elder Brian Champion speaks out for Bungalbin in two short videos - produced in 2016. Videos: Brian Champion

Aboriginal Sites on Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin)

On Helena and Aurora Range (Bungalbin), there are a total of 16 Aboriginal sites that have been lodged on the Register: seven were Registered in December 2016 and the remaining 11 sites are referred to as Other Heritage Places (source for registered sites: Department of Aboriginal Affairs (DAA) website and Aboriginal Heritage Inquiry System viewed 9 February 2017; source for other sites: Department of Aboriginal Affairs (DIA) website, December 2011; viewed 15 January 2012). Other Heritage Places have yet to be fully assessed by the Aboriginal Cultural Material Committee (ACMC). Five of the 11 'Other' sites have been given the status of ‘insufficient information’. The 16 sites are listed under Aboriginal Sites on Bungalbin

Not all Aboriginal sites are recorded on the Register and some sites may no longer exist. However, “the Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972 protects all Aboriginal sites in Western Australia whether or not they are registered.”(DIA website, 15 January 2012).

The information of sacred sites is continually being updated. For an update on the sacred sites on Helena and Aurora Range go to the Aboriginal Heritage Enquiry System (AHIS) on the DAA (Department of Aboriginal Affairs) website.

Native Title

Aboriginal people ‘come from country’ where it is the country of their ancestors (where their ancestors were born to).


Within the country of the Kapurn Naton there are two native title representative bodies. The Goldfields Land and Sea Council and the South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council. Helena and Aurora Range falls just within the boundary of the South West Aboriginal Land and Seas Council (in the north-east corner).


In December 2017, a Native Title Determination Claim was applied for, which is titled the Marlinyu Ghoorlie Claim. It is currently waiting for the Registration decision. The map of the claim area is provided below. It represents the country of the Kalamaia Kapurn Nation.



Attatchment C of Native Title Determination Application - Marlinyu Ghoorlie

(source: National Native Title website - visited May 2018)


Maddock J (1998) Westonia The Wheels of Change, A History of the District. Shire of Westonia.

Brooker L (2012) Explorers Routes Revisited - Clarkson Expedition 1864. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.

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